Omar M. Yaghi

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Prof. Omar M. Yaghi

       Omar M. Yaghi is the James and Neeltje Tretter Chair Professor of Chemistry at University of California, Berkeley. His work encompasses the synthesis, structure and properties of inorganic and organic compounds and the design and construction of new crystalline materials. He is widely known for pioneering several extensive classes of new materials: Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs), Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs), and Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks (ZIFs). These materials have the highest surface areas known to date, making them useful for  

methane storage, carbon capture and conversion, water harvesting from desert air, and catalysis, to mention a few. The building block approach he developed has led to an exponential growth in the creation of new materials having a diversity and multiplicity previously unknown in chemistry. He termed this field 'Reticular Chemistry' and defines it as 'stitching molecular building blocks into extended structures by strong bonds'.

        Yaghi is an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, and has been honored with many awards for his scientific accomplishments, including the Materials Research Society Medal (2007), the American Chemical Society Award in the Chemistry of Materials (2009), the King Faisal International Prize in Science (2015), the Royal Society of Chemistry Spiers Memorial Award (2017), the Albert Einstein World Award of Science (2017), the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Basic Sciences (2017), the Wolf Prize in Chemistry (2018), the ENI Award for Excellence in Energy (2018), the Gregori Aminoff Prize by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2019), the August-Wilhelm-von-Hofmann-Denkmünze of the German Chemical Society (2020), and the Royal Society of Chemistry Sustainable Water Award (2020).

     奥马尔·亚吉(Omar Yaghi)1965年生于约旦首都安曼。美籍约旦裔化学家,美国科学院院士,现任加州大学伯克利分校(UC Berkeley)James and Neeltje Tretter化学讲席教授。他和他的研究团队开创了金属有机框架材料(MOFs),共价有机框架材料(COFs)等两大研究领域。这些结晶性多孔材料,由于它们的超高比表面积和原子尺度的高度确定性,不仅成为了近20年来化学领域的研究热门,也为世界能源与环境领域中的重大挑战,如清洁能源(氢气,甲烷)储存,二氧化碳捕捉,沙漠汲水以及非均相催化等带来了一系列全新的解决方案。因为在网状化学领域的开拓性贡献,2006年以来,Yaghi教授多次获得诺贝尔化学奖提名。详细介绍见http://yaghi.berkeley.edu/
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